How much do we really know about fertility?

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Psychological Aspects of Embryo Donation/Adoption

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Family Formation Law - Embryo Donation/Adoption

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Monday, June 25, 2018, 06:48

Fertility Declines With Age

Even though fertility declines for both men and women with age, for men it's a much slower process. For women on the other hand, fertility declines faster than many of us may think. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine Fact Sheet "Reproductive Aging in Women" states that in most women fertility peaks in their 20s and then it starts to progressively decline between the ages of 31-42 such that women in their early 40s start the transition from the reproductive years to the menopausal period. According to the Center for Disease Control, once a woman turns 42 years old the chances of her having a baby using her own eggs are less than 10%. At age 40, half of her eggs have abnormal chromosomes and in women age 42, 90% of the eggs are abnormal.

So, how much do we really know about fertility?

A survey used to measure fertility knowledge conducted at the website by the American Fertility Association (AFA) showed that out of the 12,524 respondents, only a small percentage of those participating in the survey realized that the natural decline in fertility happens at a much earlier age than many believe. One of the questions from the survey "At what age does a woman's fertility start to measurably decline", only 13% got it right (age 27); 39% thought it began to drop at the age of 40.

In another question "When is a couple considered infertile (unable to conceive)?" 42% answered after 30 months of trying to conceive without success, but the answer to this question according to the The American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is if you are a woman age 35 or older trying to conceive, you should consult a fertility specialist if you fail to get pregnant after six months of unprotected intercourse. Women ages 37 to 40 should wait no longer than three months. The survey showed that the majority of the general population has a misconception on when fertility starts to decline.


Infertility Due to Medical Factors

Even though age can be a major cause for a woman's inability to conceive, infertility due to medical factors amounts to 10% of the population of reproductive age, which accounts for 6.1 million men and women in the United States.

Infertility can be caused by a disease associated with the reproductive system and according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, infertility affects men and women in almost equal frequency and 25% of infertile couples have more than one medical factor that contributes to their infertility.

"In approximately 40% of infertile couples, the male partner is either the sole cause or a contributing cause of infertility. Tubal blockage and/or peritoneal factors account for approximately 35% of all female infertility problems. Irregular or abnormal ovulation accounts for approximately 25% of all female infertility cases. Endometriosis is found in about 35% of infertile women who have laparoscopy as part of their infertility work-up. Approximately 20% of couples who have a complete work-up are diagnosed with unexplained infertility because no specific cause is identified." (Source: Infertility (PDF) released December 1997)


About Miracles Waiting,
Miracles Waiting is an online destination to connect families waiting to receive embryos with embryo donors.
Miracles Waiting does not employ, recommend or endorse any adoption provider or adoption seeker nor is it responsible for the conduct of any adoption provider or adoption seeker. Miracles Waiting provides information and tools to help embryo donors and recipient families connect and make informed decisions. However, each individual is solely responsible for selecting an appropriate adoption provider or adoption seeker for themselves or their families and for complying with all applicable laws in connection with any relationship they establish. Miracles Waiting does not provide legal or medical advice, or engage in any conduct that requires a professional license.
Miracles Waiting is independent and not affiliated with any religious organization, or adoption agency. Miracles Waiting doesn’t turn anyone down because of race, age, marital status, sexual preferences, or religion. We feel that such requirements are the concern of those donating and receiving embryos in accordance with their own preferences, circumstances and beliefs, and should not be determined by Miracles Waiting. We offer embryo donors and recipients the opportunity to find each other, but we allow them the freedom to work out the details of their embryo donation on their own terms. We have been very successful in this endeavor and have made hundreds of matches, many of which have resulted in pregnancies.
Miracles Waiting is not a clinic and we also don't have embryos available for donation in storage. Our program is entirely web based and works as a matching service for donors and recipients. This allows the donors to make "known" donations and for both the donors and recipients to create the agreement and relationship they want. It is always up to the family donating the embryos who they pick for their embryos and not us.
We don’t do the matching. Most donations arranged through Miracles Waiting are known donations and, at a minimum, you will have email contact directly with the recipient families.
All we do is facilitate the match between the donor and the recipient. The rest will be between the donors and you. Also both of the clinics (yours and the donors) should help guide you and the donor through the process of embryo donation, as each clinic has different requirements.

About screening: We do not request any screenings from families. This is always up to the family donating their embryos, not us.
If you are an embryo donor, you will need to request from the families you are matching with, any screening that is important to you or that is advised by your legal representative. If you are an embryo recipient, it will depend on the donor family donating to you if they will request any screening from you.
We urge our members to always seek legal representation when drawing up an embryo donation contract so you will protect yourself and others involved from engaging in any unwillingly illegal transaction.
The Information provided in this page and website is for educational purposes only and you should not rely on it as a substitute for professional assistance. If you are concerned about your health or the health of a loved one please seek the help of a medical care provider.
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